Treatment for Lung Cancer | Treatment of lung cancer

Treatment for lung cancer usually considers aspects of patient history, stage of cancer, as well as general health condition of the patient. The following will explain some treatment is generally performed in patients with lung cancer.

Surgery for Lung Cancer

Surgery for lung cancer is the act of removal of the tumor tissue and surrounding lymph nodes. Surgery is usually done for cancer that has not spread to other tissues beyond the lungs. Surgery usually is only one choice of treatment action in NSCLC and is confined to one part of the lung up to stage IIIA.

Surgery for Lung Cancer

Several types of surgery for lung cancer that may be used to treat NSCLC, among others:

- Pneumonectomy: whole lung (left or right) was appointed in this operation
- lobectomy: lung lobe removed in this operation
- Segmentectomy or wedge resection: a part of a lobe is removed in this operation

Radiotherapy for Lung Cancer

Radiation is sometimes used as a primary Treatment for Lung Cancer. It may be used for people who are not healthy enough to undergo surgery. For other cancer patients, radiation to shrink the cancer was done (done before the surgery).

In cases of advanced cancer, radiation also can be used to relieve symptoms such as pain, bleeding, and difficulty swallowing.

Often performed photodynamic therapy (PDT) to treat lung cancer that can be operated. And has the potential to treat tumors hidden and not visible on chest X-ray examination.

Side effects of radiation, including: skin problems, nausea, vomiting, and fatigue. Radiation to the chest can also cause damage to the lungs and difficulty breathing or swallowing.

Side effects of radiation therapy on the (lung cancer that has spread to) the brain usually become serious setelah1 or 2 years of treatment, which include: memory loss, headaches, problems with thinking, and lack of sexual desire.

Chemotherapy for Lung Cancer

Small cell lung cancer [SCLC] Patients primarily treated with chemotherapy and radiation because surgery is usually not a significant effect on survival (survival).

Primary Chemotherapy is usually given in cases of metastatic NSCLC who have (spread).

The use of combinations of chemotherapy drugs on tumor type suffered. In patients with NSCLC are usually treated with cisplatin or carboplatin in combination with gemcitabine, paclitaxel, docetaxel, etoposide, or vinorelbine. While in patients with SCLC, frequently used drug cisplatin and etoposide. Or in combination with carboplatin, gemcitabine, paclitaxel, vinorelbine, topotecan, and irinotecan are also used.

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