Lung Cancer Rise Over Total Smokers

Lung Cancer Rise Over Total Smokers - The number of lung cancer patients increased 20 percent each year. This increase is in line with the increasing number of smokers in Indonesia.

"The biggest risk factor for lung cancer is smoking, which is connected with 9 of 10 cases of lung cancer," said Achmad Hudoyo, subspesialis pulmonary physicians from Friendship Hospital, Friday (10/2), in Jakarta, on the sidelines of Pulmonology Scientific Meeting and Science Respiratory Medicine.

Friendship Hospital data showed that the number of lung cancer patients who seek treatment or treated reach 800-1000 people over the last two years. Predicted, this number will reach 1,300 in 2013.

Achmad said that 70 percent of lung cancer patients using the services and Jamkesmas Askes. This means that the patients coming from the class can not afford. That accommodate the health insurance act of biopsy, bronchoscopy, chemotherapy, and drugs. The target of therapy, the price of one pill per day of Rp 600,000-Rp 700,000 and the patient should be taking for months to years, not replaced Jamkesmas.

Of the number of patients, most of the heavy smokers who spent two packs of cigarettes per day. "Lung cancer can be prevented by not smoking. However, in Indonesia, the year, the higher the number of smokers. Also increased the number of smokers first, "he said.

The site World Health Organization (WHO) stated, lung cancer is ranked first as the cause of cancer deaths (1.37 million deaths) followed by stomach cancer (736 000), liver cancer (695 000), colorectal cancer (608 000), breast cancer (458 000) , and cervical cancer (275,000). In Indonesia, the death rate from lung cancer 20.5 per 100,000 people.

Achmad said the 5-year survival rate for lung cancer is only 13 percent. This is much smaller than breast, prostate, and colon, which could reach 80 percent.

Delay in detecting lung cancer patients the opportunity to make a smaller survival.

In the advanced stage lung cancer, doctors recommend that use of palliative medicine. This is the care of cancer patients to reduce pain and improve quality of life of patients.

Palliative medicine experts who are also doctors in hospitals lung subspesialis Soetomo Surabaya, Benjamin P Margono said, this treatment requires a team of diverse backgrounds. "Families of patients also need treatment for cancer have declined in the family concern," said Benjamin. (ICH)

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What are the symptoms of lung disease

What are the symptoms of lung disease - Lung disease is a disease salag very scary, because this disease goes unnoticed terkdang, lung disease should receive special attention from us, so that it can control the health of our lungs, here are some symptoms of lung cancer you should know.

The most common symptoms encountered in patients with lung cancer are:

  • Persistent cough or become great.
  • Bloody sputum, change colors and more.
  • Shortness of breath and shallow.
  • Headache, sore or cracked bone with no apparent cause.
  • Chronic Fatigue
  • Selara loss eating or weight loss for no apparent reason.
  • Hoarseness/husky.
  • Swelling in the face or neck.

Symptoms of lung cancer are generally not too obvious, so that most lung cancer patients who seek medical help has been in an advanced stage. Kasusk-case early stage / early often found accidentally when someone makes a routine medical examination.

Some procedures that can facilitate the diagnosis of lung cancer include X-ray, Thoracic CT Scan, Fine Needle Biopsies, Bronchoscopy, and USG Abdomen.

Treatment of lung cancer can be done in ways such as

  1. Surgery by removing any part of one lung - sometimes in excess of the discovery of the tumor and remove all the lymph nodes affected by cancer.
  2. Radiotherapy or radiation with high intensity X-rays to kill cancer cells.
  3. Chemotherapy
  4. Taking the drugs orally with certain side effects which aims to prolong survival.
Benefits Xanthones not just an antioxidant, but also anticancer like Moongkarndi research. Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University researchers tested the Xanthones in preclinical research with the alias SKBR3 human breast cancer cell cultures. The result? Mangosteen peel extract is a powerful antiproliferasi to inhibit cancer cell growth. In addition it is also apoptotic extract or support the destruction of cancer cells.
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How to Treat Lung Cancer Disease

How to Treat Lung Cancer Disease - Lung cancer is the growth of cancer cells that are not controlled in the lung tissue. Pathogenesis of lung cancer has not really understood. Looks like bronchial mucosal cells metaplastik changes in response to chronic exposure of the particles are inhaled and injure lungs. In response to cellular injury, inflammatory reactions and processes will evolve.

Mucosal basal cell proliferation and would have differentiated into mucus-secreting goblet cells. Looks like metaplastik activity occurs due to change of columnar epithelium lining the epithelium skuamus, which is accompanied by cellular atipia and increased mitotic activity that develop into mucosal dysplasia. Span of time this process has not been established, only approximately estimated between 10 to 20 years.

More than 90% of lung cancers originated from the bronchus, until the cancer is called carcinoma bronkogenik, which consists of:

  1. Skuamus cell carcinoma

  2. Small cell carcinoma

  3. Large cell carcinoma

  4. Lung adenocarcinoma

Alveolar cell carcinoma originating from the alveoli in the lungs. This cancer can be a single growth, but often strike more than one area in the lung.

  1. Lung tumors are less common are:

  2. Adenomas (can be malignant or benign)

  3. Kondromatous hamartoma (benign)

  4. Sarcomas (malignant)

Lymphoma is a cancer of the lymph system, which can be derived from the lung or is spread from other organs. Many cancers that originate from other places to spread to the lungs. This cancer usually comes from the breast, colon, prostate, kidney, thyroid, stomach, cervix, rectum, testicles, bone and skin.

Smoking is a major cause of about 90% of cases of lung cancer in men and about 70% in women. The more cigarettes smoked, the greater the risk for lung cancer.

Only a small proportion of lung cancers (about 10% -15% in men and 5% in women) caused by or inhaled substances encountered in the workplace. Working with asbestos, radiation, arsenic, chromate, nickel, chloromethyl ethers, mustard gas and coke oven emissions can cause lung cancer, although usually only occurs in workers who also smoke.

The role of air pollution as a cause of lung cancer is still unclear. Some cases occur because of exposure by radon gas in the household. Sometimes lung cancer (particularly adenocarcinoma and alveolar cell carcinoma) occurred in people who already have lung scarring due to other lung diseases, like tuberculosis and fibrosis.
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Vitamin B Prevent Lung Cancer

Vitamin B Prevent Lung Cancer - Vitamin B is better known for maintaining good brain health. But the new study suggests vitamin B also lowers the risk of lung cancer, even in smokers.

A study of 400,000 people showed that levels of vitamin B6 and amino acids methionin enough in the body will reduce the risk of lung cancer by half. Nevertheless, the experts emphasized that quitting smoking is much more effective for preventing lung cancer.

"Increasing your intake of vitamin B will never be the same effect with if we stop smoking," said Dr.Panagiota Mitrou from the World Cancer Research Fund, one of the researchers.

Research is still preliminary in nature is certainly need further research to prove whether the vitamin is widely available in nuts, fish, or meat is indeed effective in preventing lung cancer.

Even so, the former smokers or people who have never smoked can still do something positive, such as sufficient for vitamin B, to reduce the risk of lung cancer.
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